Sanders Marble, ed.Scraping the Barrel: The Military Use of Substandard Manpower, 1860-1960

Fordham University Press, 2012

by Bob Wintermute on January 28, 2013

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Sanders Marble, senior historian of the United States Army’s Office of Medical History, presents a collection of essays related to the problems of substandard manpower as defined at different times in Western militaries over the modern era. Accordingly normally rigorous peacetime entrance standards have established conditions for the exclusion of certain individuals on the basis of physical, intellectual, ethnic, and racial criteria. During conflict, however, such notions of exclusion and exceptionalism are modified to reflect the needs of the army relative to the specific crisis. Marble’s Scraping the Barrel: The Military Use of Substandard Manpower, 1860-1960 (Fordham University Press, 2012)  examines eleven case studies related to so-called “substandard manpower,” offering a series of assessments on military force structure in wartime. in this interview, our host talks with Sanders Marble about the overall project and his specific essay on American forces in the twentieth century, “Below the Bar: The U.S. Army and Limited Service Manpower.” He also speaks briefly with sociologist Thomas Sticht about his contribution to the volume, a deep analysis of the Department of Defense’s much-maligned “Project 100,000″ in the essay “Project 100,000 in the Vietnam War and Afterward.”

{ 1 comment… read it below or add one }

A regular listener March 27, 2013 at 11:57 pm

Hi, I really like your podcast, but I sometimes find it hard to listen to for technical reasons. The audio quality can be quite distracting, with the interviewees sounding tinny and far off. But the worst audio aspect is the heavy breathing of Wintermute when interviewees talk. This was so pronounced during the “Scraping the barrels” epoisode that I decided to leave this post, embarassing or not. Can you not mute your microphone, or place it somewhere else? Thank you.

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